By Ilja A. Luciak

"An unique and thoroughly crafted piece of labor. . . . students and analysts engaged on Nicaragua will wish this book."--Rose J. Spalding, DePaul University
"Important contributions not just to the comparative literature of regime transitions (particularly 'post-socialist' transitions), but additionally to the examine of Nicaragua and primary the USA. . . . offers a properly balanced photograph of the Sandinista checklist of accomplishments and screw ups, together with a well-reasoned research of who or what was once responsible for the failures."--Richard Tardanico, Florida overseas University
whilst the Sandinistas got here to energy in Nicaragua, they promised to set up social and financial democracy.  As Ilja Luciak tells us during this examine of regime transitions, their legacy is blended, notwithstanding they deserve credits for institutionalizing electoral democracy. whereas they more advantageous the lifetime of the peasantry and accomplished a powerful checklist within the parts of schooling and healthiness, by way of 1990 their development have been halted and mostly reversed.
 Luciak keeps that the Sandinistas' loss on the polls in 1990 was once a blessing in disguise:  after 11 years in strength, the progressive move wanted time to rejuvenate itself and go back to its renowned roots.  He examines the evolution of Sandinista democracy and analyzes Sandinista guidelines towards rural grassroots activities, the organization of Rural employees and the nationwide Union of Farmers and Ranchers, exhibiting the inevitable stress that effects while a leading edge get together makes an attempt to bolster participatory democracy.  He additionally examines the advance of the tiendas campesinas  By concentrating on the issue that confronts societies in transition, Luciak indicates that the Sandinista test deals a worthwhile caution for the political elites and for the folks of jap Europe and the successor states of the Soviet Union. The lesson is that the Sandinistas got down to determine a brand new version of democracy that emphasised financial justice and direct democracy; it wound up consolidating formal democracy.  the cost for the consolidation of formal democracy is paid through the negative majority, he says, and it is usually too high.  
Ilja A. Luciak is affiliate professor of political technological know-how at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and nation University.  He has released articles in such journals as Comparative Politics, magazine of Latin American reports, and Latin American views.

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