By James H. Sweet

Exploring the cultural lives of African slaves within the early colonial Portuguese international, with an emphasis at the multiple million primary Africans who survived the adventure to Brazil, James candy lifts a curtain on their lives as Africans instead of as incipient Brazilians. Focusing first at the cultures of primary Africa from which the slaves came--Ndembu, Imbangala, Kongo, and others--Sweet identifies particular cultural rites and ideology that survived their transplantation to the African-Portuguese diaspora, arguing that they didn't cave in to rapid creolization within the New global yet remained relatively African for a few time.

Slaves transferred many cultural practices from their homelands to Brazil, together with kinship constructions, divination rituals, judicial ordeals, ritual burials, nutritional regulations, and mystery societies. candy demonstrates that the constructions of a lot of those practices remained consistent in this early interval, even supposing the meanings of the rituals have been frequently reworked as slaves coped with their new setting and standing. non secular rituals particularly grew to become effective different types of protest opposed to the establishment of slavery and its hardships. additionally, candy examines how yes African ideals and customs challenged and finally encouraged Brazilian Catholicism.

Sweet's research sheds new mild on African tradition in Brazil's slave society whereas additionally enriching our figuring out of the complicated means of creolization and cultural survival.

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