The administration of and attitudes towards childrens and adults with Down syndrome have passed through huge alterations through the condi tion's lengthy heritage (Zellweger, 1977, 1981, Zellweger & Patil, 1987). J. E. D. Esquirol (1838) and E. Seguin (1846) have been most likely the 1st physicians to witness the with no utilizing presently accredited diagnostic designa tions. Seguin coined the phrases furfuraceus or lowland cretinism in contradis tinction to the goiterous cretinism endemic at the moment within the Swiss Alps. Esquirol, in addition to Seguin, had a favorable angle towards individuals who have been mentally ailing or mentally subnormal. Esquirol pioneered a extra humane remedy in psychological associations and Seguin created the 1st houses in France, and later within the usa, aimed toward instructing people who have been mentally subnormal. The time period mongolian idiocy was once coined through J. H. L. Down in England (1866). The time period is deceptive in different respects: (1) Down pointed out the epicanthic folds noticeable in lots of kids with Down syndrome with the extra pores and skin fold within the higher lid taking place really in humans of Oriental (Mongolian) descent; and (2) Down additionally erred via assuming that Down syndrome represented regression to an ethnic version of decrease cultural status. Such an interpretation could have been comprehensible at a time whilst the parable of Anglo-Saxon superiority was once broadly authorized through the British. Charles Darwin's then hugely acclaimed concept of beginning of the species could have contributed to this sort of suggestion.
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